• Spirituality in the African American Community: The African Origins of 'The Black Church'

    “Buoyed by the spirit of their ancestors they dug deep within themselves to forge a link between the African spirituality of their past and the African American spirituality that was coming to birth. It was African spirituality that helped those forced into slavery to redefine themselves, find unity and express inner strength despite the experience of oppression. African spirituality buffered white slaveholders’ attempts to destroy African cultural identity."